Vol. 16 (2009)

Demon Capital Shanghai: The “Modern” Experience of Japanese Intellectuals - Chapter 3: Shanghai and the Opening of Japan (Part 1)

Joshua A. Fogel
York University


In this chapter, Liu Jianhui describes the informational network that developed in nineteenth century Shanghai thanks much to the translation efforts of Western missionaries and their Chinese collaborators. Among the institutions of central importance in this effort is the Mohai shuguan, where a large body of Western scientific and other works were translated by Western missionaries William Muirhead, Alexander Wylie, and others and underwent correction and improvement by over a dozen Chinese assistants, including Wang Tao, Li Shanlan, Guan Sifu, Zhang Fuxi, and Jiang Dunfu.